During trial, none of them should receive unusual and cruel punishment. Gergen presents the third angle of analysis while analyzing humanity and dehumanization. Abelson, R. (1998). Perceptions of the collective other. Personality and Social Psychology Review, Abelson delves into the review of dehumanization. According to him, the idea of dehumanization does not have a systematic theoretical foundation. The same applies to the study that investigates the theoretical basis, which deserves integration. He takes the initiative to review various theories of dehumanization and proceeds to develop a new framework. Abelson feels that understanding the ways of employing the concept of dehumanization comes before attempting an integrative structure of dehumanization.
The scholar identifies that dehumanization appears mainly when people address race, ethnicity, and related disciplines including genocide and immigration (Abelson, 1998, 52). This paradigmatic circumstance defines the primary means through which communities dehumanize others. Abelson compares the act of dehumanization among people to the behavior of animals. The author mentions that during racist descriptions, people compare Africans to apes and this provides the avenue with which to deny them membership into the family of humanity.
In this case, they do not consider Africans in the same species with other races. Other people compare other groups to parasites, dogs, rats, pigs, and insects as well. The second category offered by Abelson is visual descriptions, which contain physical features that make ethnic groups appear like animals. From the same description, they make adults look like children. Among other characteristics, they shame the society, lack rationality, and inferior to other ethnic groups. Abelson writes in his work that scholars assess dehumanization in terms of genocidal conflicts. Just like other scholars such as Gergen, he identifies means through which the Jews in Germany, Tutsis in Rwanda, as well as Bosnians in the Balkan wars appeared on the chopping board of dehumanization during respective wars.
Such metaphors of animals appear in the images of immigrants. People in particular quotas in the world consider the immigrants pollutants threatening the social order. Abelson further delves into analyzing dehumanization in gender and pornography. He posits that it is common in the representations of women in pornography. The same feature is common in medical literature.
The Book Thief by Markus Zusak Markus Zusak describes humanity and dehumanization in his novel, The Book Thief.
Abelson, Richard. Perceptions of the collective other. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 1998. Print.
Gergen, John. The saturated self: Dilemmas of identity in contemporary life. New York: Basic Books, 1991. Print.
Klise, Kate, and M S. Klise. Over My Dead Body. Boston: Harcourt, 2009. Print.
Zusak, Markus, and Trudy White. The Book Thief. , 2013. Print.