Compare and Contrast Hegel, Marx, List and Benedict Anderson – Essay Example

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Hegel (233) outlines that God himself honors the unity of the nation and anyone who attempts to bring down the spirit of a nation should be punished. Hegel (264) states that the religion has a great role to play in the governance of the state as it lays the foundation for the state. A state that respects the freedom of its citizens recognizes individuality where people’s beliefs may differ. Religion influences the lives of people e in all manner of ways and state should, therefore, not interfere with the religious beliefs of individuals.

The role of the state is to ensure that despite the existence of different religions, peaceful co-existence should by all means prevail. Religion creates some solace sand obedience to the law is considered as a religious act. Hegel (105) outlines that the ethical freedom should be upheld in the state as morality is determined by an individual’s consciousness. People have different intentions and make different judgments depending on what they consider to be ethical.

A state should, therefore, respect the fact that people have different principles that the guide and all that is required of a citizen by the law is to abide by the set laws. Friedrich List theory of the state According to Friedrich (398), the productive powers of a nation are dependent on the manner of governance.

In a state where individualism is practiced the state is unlikely to achieve equality as only a few individuals will get access to the resource and this in the long run widens the gap between the rich and the poor. A state with an individualism kind of society ignores the importance of social labor and cooperation.

Individuals work for themselves rather than for the state and this hinders the overall growth of the state. On the other hand, states that practice communism experience economic growth as people work towards improving the economy of the state. Communism also leads to civilization as it enables interaction with other nations and promotes the exchange of ideas and technology. Friedrich (143) outlines that a state must protect its resources to ensure that their sources of income are stable.

He states that a nation must also control its own population to ensure that the available resources can sustain the community. Friedrich (148) outlines that a state must also ensure that its security is heightened and that its borders are all secure.

Work cited


Benedict, Anderson. Imagined Communities: Reflection on The Origin and Spread ofNationalism, New York: Varick street Publishers, 1983.

Friedrich, List. National System of Political Economy, London: Longman publishers, 1909.

Hegel, Greifen. Philosophy of Right, Canada: Batoche Books Limited,2001.

Robert, Tucker, the Marx-Engels Reader, London, Norton Publishers 1971.

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