The Social Learning Theory Social learning theory has its basis on the construct that individuals learn from one another by observing and mimicking the behaviors of others. They may do so through cognitive functions of encoding, retraining, and retrieving of the knowledge gained from others. Such knowledge enables individuals to perform the behaviors that have observed (ODonnell, Reeve, & Smith, 2012). Students ought to observe their teachers conduct continually and peers in order to comprehend and gain confidence needed to become more independent. This theory can apply when placing focus on why students plagiarize material for academic assignments.
According to Scanlon and Neuman (2002), one factor that is a vital part of the reasoning behind student plagiarism is the perception of peer behavior. If an individual believes that fellow learners participate in this act, then he or she will be more likely to join the cause and follow suit. Because the international student in the scenario believed it to be an accepted practice back in her home country, she may have felt that her fellow students in America participated in this training as well. The Constructivist Theory The constructivist theory may also have applied when students construct understanding of what they had learnt in addition to creating knowledge gained from continuous interaction with ones social world and environment (ODonnell, Reeve, & Smith, 2012).
This theory can apply to the autonomy structure in a given scenario because the structure centers on the clarity of information provided by the professor to his students. By giving clear-cut information concerning expectations at the beginning of the course, teachers help their students learn how to comprehend the material while effectively achieving goals in the classroom.
They, however, ought to be careful not to provide too much information at any one time that may possibly overwhelm students, (Jang, Reeve, & Deci, 2010). When applying this theory to a given scenario, the professor may have been able to avoid possible plagiarism incidents by providing the information in a manner that would be easy for all students to understand. Kohlbergs Theory When it comes to looking at moral development, Kohlbergs theory can apply appropriately. Kohlberg believed that individuals go through several stages of moral development as they grow and develop (ODonnell, Reeve, & Smith, 2012).
Kohlberg also found that ones highest achievement of moral logic mirrored the persons position of cognitive development.