The Ugandan leadership under President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni has touted the novel invention of the VCT clinics as the national government’s most effective response to the HIV pandemic in Sub-Saharan Africa and a significant milestone in the fight against HIV/AIDS. Generally, Uganda’s approach to HIV/AIDS transcends the health dimension since the country adopted a multi-sectoral Aids Control Approach in 1992 and the Uganda AIDS Commission has contributed to the establishment of a national HIV/AIDS policy in the country. Over the years, Uganda has pursued a wide range of approaches to AIDS education including promotion of condom use and abstinence only programs; similarly, the country has implemented birth practices and safe infant feeding counseling as part of its broad strategy in establishing a comprehensive HIV/AIDS program.
Political perspective Uganda has adopted a policy of openness and political commitment in the fight against HIV/AIDS, thereby contributing to greater awareness of the disease among the populations concerning the dangers of the diseases as well as means of prevention (Tumushabe 15). Since its open announcement of the HIV/AIDS pandemic in 1986, Uganda’s National Resistance Movement (NRM) government established Aids Control program which was mandated to investigate the prevalence and mode of infections while strengthening safety of the national blood bank.
The government also put in place mass education and sensitization campaigns concerning the HIV/AIDS menace with the president himself taking the frontline in the 198801989 nationwide AIDS education effort. Established in 1992 by a statute of Parliament, the Uganda Aids Commission (UAC) has been coordinating policy development and implementation of HIV/AIDS guidelines, forging integration and harmonization of HIV/AIDS control efforts while monitoring the disease in the country.
The HIV/AIDS pandemic still remains a crucial health issue in Uganda with current findings showing that the adult HIV/AIDS prevalence in the country has risen from 6.4% by 2006 to 7.3% by 2011 (Ahaibwe & Kasirye 2); Uganda’s public health priority is establishing the most effective programs that can help control spread of the disease. The prevailing HIV/AIDS control programs in the country have previously emphasized on the Abstinence, Being Faithful and Condom use (ABC) strategy (“HIV & AIDS in Uganda”); however, the increasing epidemic of HIV/AIDS has prompted the adoption of additional programs to curb the spread of the disease.
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Tumushabe, Joseph. “The Politics of HIV/AIDS in Uganda.” Social Policy and Development Programme Paper Number 28: (2006). Print.
“Uganda National Policy on HIV/AIDS and the World of Work.” Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development. 2007. Web. 28 April 2014 http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_protect/---protrav/---ilo_aids/documents/policy/wcms_153356.pdf
Ahaibwe, Gemma & Kasirye, Ibrahim. “HIV/AIDS Prevention Interventions in Uganda: A Policy Simulation. Global Development Network Research Series No. 108: (2013).
Otolok-Tanga, E., et al. “Examining the actions of faith-based organizations and their influence on HIV/AIDS-related stigma: A case study of Uganda.” African Health Science, 7.1 (2007): 55–60.
Kagimu, M., et al. “Religiosity for HIV prevention in Uganda: a case study among Christian youth in Wakiso district.” African Health Science, 7.1 (2012): 17–25.
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Ahaibwe, Gemma. “Halting and Reversing the Spread of HIV/AIDS in Uganda: President Museveni Publically Tests for HIV.” Brookings.edu. 2013. Web. 28th April, 2014. <http://www.brookings.edu/blogs/africa-in-focus/posts/2013/11/15-museveni-publically-tests-for-hiv-ahaibwe>
Perkins, Anne. “Religion and sex in Uganda: The power of the pulpit—Is the abstinence message promoted by the church behind the halt in the fall of HIV transmission in Uganda?” (2008). Web. 28th April, 2014. <http://www.theguardian.com/society/katineblog/2008/oct/13/sexandreligion>