Whilst it is arguably true that unique similarities and differences exist between the Middle East Countries subject to the fact that they have unique opportunities and challenges, reflected in the HRM challenges in each country. The study on managing Human Resources in the Middle East generates an understanding on the dynamics and variables that dictate HRM policies and practices in this region. This paper will address human resource management in the Middle East countries and the challenges relating to it. The paper will highlight the models and future challenges for HRM policies and practices.
The paper will specifically address HRM in Saudi Arabia and UAE while analysing the main features of these countries. It will equally denote the similarities and differences of these countries in HRM-related challenges. At the same time, the paper will address the ways by which each country can benefit from the knowledge and experience of the other as well as explaining the main challenges in developing a managerial career in Saudi Arabia. An overview of the main features of UAE and Saudi Arabia This paper will address the human resource management challenges with special concern on UAE and Saudi Arabia, which are both Middle East countries.
The United Arab Emirates constitutes of seven emirates that include Dubai, Umm al-Qaiwain, Abu Dhabi, Fujairah, Sharjah, Ajman, and Ras al-Khaimah (Emirates. org, 2010). Geographically, UAE occupies an area of 83,600 sq. km along the southeast tip of the Arabian Peninsula. It lies east of Qatar, northeast of Saudi Arabia, and south west of Oman. Abu Dhabi is the largest of the seven federations and doubles as the capital city of The United Arab Emirates.
UAE is currently one of the worlds fastest growing tourist destinations. UAE has huge oil reserves estimated at 97.8 billion barrels in 2011, and gas reserves estimated at 214.2 trillion cubic feet. UAE has an estimated population of 8.9 million residents of which about a third are South Asians, Europeans, and North Africans. The main religion in UAE is Islam and the official language is Arabic. There are more than 6,000 companies in UAE that includes manufacturing and distribution free trade zones. It has a GDP of 914.3 billion and an annual growth rate of 6.3%.
Most notable is the fact that foreigners own many businesses in UAE and as such the UAE government seeks to place Emiratis in leadership positions (U. S Department of State, 2011). On the other hand, Saudi Arabia has an estimated population of 26.1 million people according to the 2011 census.
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