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  • Identify a Mental Health condition Dementia and discuss this in relation to: A definition of the Condition Epidemiology (prevalence, co-morbidity, prognosis) Signs and Symptoms Treatment and Interventions Key policies that influence i

Identify a Mental Health condition Dementia and discuss this in relation to: A definition of the Condition Epidemiology (prevalence, co-morbidity, prognosis) Signs and Symptoms Treatment and Interventions Key policies that influence i – Essay Example

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According to McGilton (2004) the chance of exhibiting the symptoms of dementia is something that increases as one grows older. According to Kovach, Kelber, and Simpson (2006), more than 3.5 million Americans who have reached their middle ages suffer from some type of dementia. The most basic indication of dementia is memory loss. Alzheimer’s dementia, if left untreated, progresses slowly over a number of months, or even years. In sufferers of dementia, the symptom of memory loss may even grow worse at night. Once affected by Alzheimer’s dementia, a person’s short-term memory is the first to be severely affected.

The affected person may not be able to remember the names of relatives, friends, and even familiar objects (Roberts and Wolfson 2004). This will result in the loss of his or her ability to be able to make serious plans. This then results in the individual being plagued by fears, and even paranoia. The loss of all long term as well as short-term memory will eventually result in the affected individual coping out of daily normal life, and becoming bedridden.

There are many past cases where Alzheimer’s has been mistaken with delirium, or even mental retardation. It is a recognised fact that people who suffer from Alzheimer’s, and subsequently, major depression, could appear to be dealing with a serious intellectual issue. The gradual deterioration of brain facets such as cells, or nerves often results in different behavioral changes. When sufferers are first afflicted by Alzheimer’s, they tend to remove themselves from public settings in order to reduce the chances of them suffering from a loss of memory when in dangerous circumstances. They may keep from actively participating in social engagements, and even exhibit a definite lack of initiative to participate in life as other people do.

Sufferers of Alzheimer’s do this because they are embarrassed about their inability to remember things. They may also fear that others will interpret their lack of memory as a lack of intelligence. As they experience more symptoms of Alzheimer’s, such patients will start to grow more agitated about the general direction of their lives. They may exhibit misconceptions, such as the failure to distinguish real people from those that they see in television programs.

This makes them unable to contain their verbal aggression, because they are constantly being viewed with bewilderment and shock by others who realise that there is something wrong with their intellectual capacity.

References

Aarsland, D., Sharp, S. & Ballard, C. (2005) ‘Psychiatric and behavioural symptoms in Alzheimers disease and other dementias: etiology and management’, Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. vol. 5, pp. 345-354.

Alzheimer’s Association. (2011) Under the microscope, viewed May 4, 2014 from <http://www.alz.org/braintour/plaques_tangles.asp>.

Alzheimer’s and Dementia Alliance of Wisconsin. (2009) Types of dementia, viewed May 4, 2014 from <http://www.alzwisc.org/Types%20of%20dementia.htm>.

Bishara, D., Taylor, D., Howard, R.J. & Abdel-Tawab, R. (2009) ‘Expert opinion on the management of behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) and investigation into prescribing practices in the UK’, Int. J. Geriatr Psychiatry, vol. 24, pp. 944-954.

Ferri, C.P., Prince, M., Brayne, C., Brodaty, H., Fratiglioni, L. & Ganguli, M. (2005) ‘Global prevalence of dementia: a Delphi consensus study’, Lancet, vol. 366, pp. 2112-2117.

Graff, M.J., Vernooij-Dassen, M.J. & Thijssen, M. (2006) ‘Community based occupational therapy for patients with dementia and their care givers: randomized controlled trial’, BMJ, vol. 333, pp. 1196.

Hulme, C., Wright, J. & Crocker, T. (2010) ‘Non-pharmacological approaches for dementia that informal carers may try or access: a systematic review’, Int. J. Geriatr. Psychiatry, vol. 25, pp. 756-763.

Kerr, D. & Cunningham, C. (2004) ‘Finding the right response to people with Dementia’, Nursing and residential care, vol. 6, no.11, pp. 539-542.

Kovach, C.R., Kelber, S. T. & Simpson, M. (2006) ‘Behaviours of nursing home residents with dementia: examining nurse responses’, J. Gerontol. Nurs., vol. 32, pp. 13-21.

McGilton, K. (2004) ‘Relating well to persons with dementia: a variable influencing staffing and quality care outcome’, Alzheimers Care, vol. 5, pp. 53-71.

Neef, D., & Walling, A. (2006) ‘Dementia with Lewy bodies: an emerging disease’, American Family Physician, viewed May 4, 2014 from <http://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0401/p1223.html>.

OConnor, D.W., Ames, D., Gardner, B. & King, M. (2009) ‘Psychosocial treatments of behaviour symptoms in dementia: a systematic review of reports meeting quality standards’, Int. Psychogeriatr, vol. 21, pp. 225-240.

Rimmer, E., Wojciechowska, M. & Stave, C. (2005) ‘Implications of the ‘facing Dementia survey’ for the general population, patients and caregivers across Europe’, Int. J. Clin. Pract., vol. 59, no. 146, pp. 17-24.

Roberts, G. & Wolfson, P. (2004) ‘The rediscovery of recovery: open to all’, Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, vol. 10, pp. 37-48.

Sheard, D. (2008) ‘Less doing, more being person-centred’, Journal of Dementia Care, vol. 16, pp. 15–17.

Talerico, K.A., Miller, L.L. & Swaffor, K. (2006) ‘Psychosocial approaches to prevent and minimize pain in people with dementia during morning care’, Alzheimers Care, vol. 6, pp. 163-174.

Teri, L., McKenzie, G. & LaFazia, D. (2005) ‘Psychosocial treatment of depression in older adults with dementia’, Clin. Psychol. Sci. Prac., vol. 12, pp. 303–316.

Waldemar, G., Phung, K.T.T. & Burns, A. (2007) ‘Access to diagnostic evaluation and treatment for dementia in Europe’, Int. J. Geriatr. Psychiatry, vol. 22, pp. 47–54.

APPENDIX ONE

Figure showing the prevalence of different types of Dementia in the U.S. (Alzheimer’s and Dementia Alliance of Wisconsin 2009)

APPENDIX TWO

Figure showing the difference between healthy brain cells and brain cells with Alzheimer’s (Alzheimer’s Association 2011).

APPENDIX THREE

Figure showing the Symptoms of different types of Dementia (Neef and Walling 2006), viewed May 4, 2014 from <http://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0401/p1223.html>.

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