The changing dynamics of the global environment and the growing technological developments has blurred regional and geographic boundaries, thus implying that any growth in terrorist groups and activities in the region is likely to cause an equal and significant impact on other countries as well. Growth of terrorism in Southeast Asia implies an indirect albeit definite threat to the global population. Hypotheses: 1. Transnational and international terrorism: Terrorism as we know it today, is no longer confined to the regional boundaries alone, but has gone international. Most of the terrorist organizations operating in recent times are highly interconnected, and use certain regions as base to operate and execute their deadly agendas and target distant regions / countries.
The new era has ushered in novel and threatening concepts of transnational and international terrorism. 2. Clash of civilizations: There has been a drastic change in the conventional goals and objectives of terrorist groups. Terrorist organizations today are largely motivated by Islamic fundamentalism, whereby there is a conscious and active role played by religious fundamentalists and clerics to help cleanse the largely conservative Muslim world from “western influences”. 3.
Power distance: The unequal distribution of power and the widening gap between the developing and the developed world is said to be another underlying cause of the rise in terrorism. Key definitions: The key terms used throughout this paper include terrorism, transnational terrorism and international terrorism. The same are defined below, for the purpose of this study: Terrorism: Although the term terrorism is defined in different ways by various authors, the UN defines the concept as "the act of destroying or injuring civilian lives or the act of destroying or damaging civilian or government property without the expressly chartered permission of a specific government, this by individuals or groups acting independently. ..
in the attempt to effect some political goal" (in Enders & Sandler, Pp. 6-7). Transnational terrorism: According to Enders and Sandler "When an incident is planned in one country but executed in another, it is transnational event" (in Sheehan, 2007, Pp. 37) International terrorism: According to Wilkinson international terrorism refers to terrorism directed exclusively towards foreigners or foreign targets (Sheehan, 2007). The U. S. Central Intelligence Agency defines international terrorism as one when its "ramifications transcend national boundaries (as the result, for example, of the nationality or foreign ties of its perpetrators, its locale, the identity of its institutional or human victims, its declared objectives or the mechanics of its resolution)" (in Sheehan, 2007, Pp.
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