It was more or less a desensitized and callous community but it is probable that the violence against women in that kind of a society had left them with no other option. However, that does not mean the police is never called when a woman is being abused. Three incidents were recalled during the interviews in which police was called to resolve the issue and have the perpetrator arrested. This usually happened only when there was an adult at the scene who could take up the responsibility or when the victim looked very innocent and the others felt bad for her. Research Gender-based violence against women has been defined as “any act that results in, or is likely to result in physical, sexual, or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life” (United Nations General Assembly (UNGA)). Although women experience all kinds of violence, interpersonal violence is the most common and globally used method, and it occurs in all societies (Krantz and Garcia-Moreno).
Interpersonal violence is subdivided into family or intimate partner violence and community violence.
The former takes place at home with a family member or the partner of the victim being the perpetrator. In case of the latter the perpetrator and victim may or may not know each other and the victim is tortured out in the public. Violence could be physical, sexual or psychological. The reason behind the violence could range from plain hatred to just letting off their anger about something else on the woman possibly because they feel that they own the girl and can treat them as they wish.
Gender-based violence is prevalent in almost every part of the world in one way or the other. In Asia and Middle East the girls are killed for honor. In West Africa they have to go through the painful, harmful and unnecessary process of genital mutilation because that is their custom. In southern Africa girls are a target of rape and they get HIV and AIDS simply because the perpetrators have this belief that having sex with a virgin would cure their disease.
And in the rest of the world, the most developed nations, women are beaten up to the point of death by their partners. According to the United Nations gender-based violence against women is an international health and development problem, and a number of educational programs are being conducted throughout the world to help reduce this issue (Russo and Pirlott).
Krantz, Gunilla and Claudia Garcia-Moreno. "Violence against Women." Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 59.10 (2005): 818-821.
Miller, Jody. Getting Played: African American Girls, Urban Inequality, and Gendered Violence. NYU Press, 2008.
Russo, Nancy Felipe and Angela Pirlott. "Gender-based violence: concepts, methods, and findings." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1087.1 (2006): 178-205.
United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). "Declaration on the elimination of violence against women. Proceedings of the 85th plenary meeting." Geneva, 1993.
Wilkinson, Amelia. "Violence against women." CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal 12 (2013): 580.