Research question and hypotheses Research Question In order to achieve the objective of the study, the research question below will be helpful. Are people with mental health disorders more likely to engage in deviant and aggressive acts compared to those who are mentally healthy? Hypotheses HO: Individuals or people with mental health disorders engage in deviant and aggressive criminal acts as compared to those who are mentally healthy. H1: Mental health of the offender affects proper investigation Theoretical framework The topic of crime scene staging and mental health status is a very complex one due to the existence of other factors that also tend to influence engagement in criminal acts.
As such, this research will employ the positivist approach to explore the topic of study and to fully answer the formulated research question. The study will use the positivist approach by utilizing only two variables to explore the relationship that may be existing between mental health status and criminal acts. This way, it is will be possible to draw a correlation between the two without letting all the other possible factors impact on the results obtained Operational definition To be able to fully define the variables that are to be used in the research, there is need to operationalize the parameters to be measured.
The independent variable for the study will be the mental status of the participants. To effectively capture the independent variable, the study will determine the mental wellbeing of each of the persons taking part. This will help determine whether the person is mental ill or mentally upright based on medical evaluation. On the other hand, deviant and aggressive criminal acts will involve acts and behaviour that involve use of force to harm another person (Rueve & Welton, 2008). Literature Review Birmingham, Gray, Mason & Grubin, D.
(2000) defines crime scene staging to be the deliberate act by the offenders to mislead investigators by altering the crimes scenes. Some of the common things done to mislead the investigation team include the placing of firearms in the hands of murdered victims, repositioning of the victim and breaking of windows during murder to make the team think that the crime was a robbery attack. Cardwell & Flanagan (2003) states that there are several offenders who have managed to get off the hook by directing the investigation to the wrong direction.
Since crime scene staging involves purposeful alteration of a crime or crime scene with the motive of misleading the investigator and influence or frustrate the criminal justice process, it is a hurdle in criminal investigation and prosecution in the legal system.
Binder, R. (2009). Are the mentally ill dangerous? Journal of American Academy of Psychiatry and Law, 24 (5), 189-201.
Binder, R., & McNeil, D. (2008) Effects of diagnosis and context on dangerousness. American Journal of Psychiatry, 145 (45), 728-732.
Birmingham, L., & Mason D. (2006). Prevalence of mental disorder in remand prisoners: Consecutive case study. British Medical Journal, 313(96) 1521-1524.
Birmingham, L., Gray, J., Mason, D., & Grubin, D. (2000). Mental illness at reception into prison. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 10(56), 77-87.
Brennan, P.A., Mednick, S.A., Hodgins, S. (2000). Major mental disorders and criminal violence in a danish birth cohort. Archives of General Psychiatry, 57(5): 494- 500
Cardwell, M & Flanagan, C. (2003). Psychology as: the Complete Companion. Cheltenham, UK: Nelson Thornes
Coon, D & Mitterer, J. (2008). Introduction to Psychology: Gateways to Mind and Behavior. Kentucky, KY: Cengage Learning.
Ezzy, D 2013, Research Process. Oxford University Press, South Melbourne.
Rueve, M & Welton. (2008). Violence and Mental Illness. Psychiatry, 5(5):34-48.
Schindler, V. (2014). Occupational Therapy in Forensic Psychiatry: Role Development and Schizophrenia. London, UK: Rutledge.
Walter, M. (2013). Social Research Methods. South Melbourne: Oxford University Press.