It is clear that science and technology play pivotal roles in the progress of a nation. These are multidisciplinary fields with the capacity to reshape the relationship between political science, technology and social science. The growing trends of change witnessed in the society require a broader understanding and intelligent solutions (Baram, 1970, p. 1). Apparently, science and technology provide unique specifications that address the 21st century’s critical problems. This is because this century is currently experiencing fresh challenges. Some of these challenges include global climate change, changing political landscapes, genomics, improvement of health care especially to the poor and revolutions in the media industry.
These challenges generate problems that require scientific, technological, ethical, and social considerations to solve. Apparently, science and technology has unique abilities that can aid in the understanding of contemporary and complex historical problems. It does this by providing humanity with the power to design intellectual projects together with engagement modes address social complexities. The society belongs to a complex matrix that requires the intervention of science and technology for its progress (Ross & Gross, 2009, p. 63).
Humans are responsible for the advancement of the scientific, technological innovations and social controls. In order to ensure that the scientific and technological advancements do not spin beyond the society control, there is a need to put up necessary conditions for the success of science and technology. A society should have enough scientists and technologists to help in research and extraction of raw materials, in a sustainable manner. Nevertheless, even as this happens, the same society should put up the control measures that will aid in checking the excesses of science and technology.
The success of this depends on the availability of credible and well-empowered institutions (Ross & Gross, 2009, p. 312). The societal control over science and technology ensures that economic achievements and sustainable developments run concurrently. This means that the society is likely to attain wholesome and all-rounded growth that appreciates the need for controls. Science is a significant tool that drives the world economy like the growth of the market and acquisition of personal wealth. However, as this happens there have been increased calls mostly by civil society activists to ensure that science produces technologically sound knowledge that promotes environmental sustainability and long-term resource management.
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