To what extent was theFirst World War a catalyst for change in the Middle East – Essay Example

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In addition, the First World War saw the Middle East thrown into a state of turmoil or chaos following the constitutional revolution. This allowed the people to have greater control over the happenings in Iran, which was significant for the overthrowing of the then government. This was done in the early years that followed the world war through a military coup that saw Zia thrown out of power in 1923 and saw the establishment of new government after deposing the then monarchy. This set the stage for modern day Middle East, as we know it due to the rapid shift in power and the impact that other coups occurring in Europe had.

This also had plenty to do with the crowning of Qajar Shah in 1921 and invasion by the Ottoman Empire, British and Russians. It is these events, of the first war, that also saw significant disunity in Iran and the open view that the government had no power whatsoever. As a result, of the First World War, the stage was set for drastic change that lasts to date in that there have been significant uprisings against governments in an attempt to get improved governance and proper leadership, as well as reforms.

Moreover, the First World War saw the development of numerous changes in modern times as seen in the case of the Hussein-McMahon correspondence that shows the great influence the First World War had in the Middle East. The above-mentioned correspondence saw Hussein seek assistance from the British to establish an independent Arab state that stretched from the Iranian border to the Mediterranean Sea in the west.

The uprising started by Hussein ran for almost the entire period that the First World War raged. Since the British needed to gain the strategic interests brought by the presence of the state proposed by Hussein, they intervened. The war saw changes in the political geography of the Middle East as the British assisted Hussein in his plan, where the British marched towards Damascus and the Ottoman Empire began to fall. Had the First World War not raged on, the ottoman would have stayed in power since the British would not have intervened.

In addition, the world war contributed to the wave of change in the Middle East by having a number of treaties signed, which saw large waves of change. As such, despite the British assisting Hussein in eliminating the Ottoman Empire, they went on to sign the Sykes-Picot Agreement that saw the division of the Ottoman Empire. The agreement saw the Middle East experience change by dividing it between France and Britain, where the two powers sought to protect an Arab state or a confederation of Arab states under an Arab chief.

References

“Depth Study World War I” . n.d. Oxford big ideas history 9: Australian curriculum [Online]. Available at. http://www.oup.com.au/__data/assets/pdf_fi [Accessed on 21 Feb. 2013]

“World War I, Great Britain, and the Peace Settlements”. n.d. [Online]. Available at. http://socsci.colorado.edu/~gyoung/home/3191/WWI.pdf [Accessed on 21 Feb. 2013]

Iran Review. 2012. Iran and the First World War. [Online]. Available at. http://www.iranreview.org/content/Documents/Iran-and-the-First-World-War.htm [Accessed on 21 Feb. 2013]

Kamrava, M. 2005. The Modern Middle East: A Political History Since the First World War. [Online]. Available at. http://www.bandung2.co.uk/books/Files/Politics/The%20Modern%20Middle%20East.pdf [Accessed on 21 Feb. 2013]

McKinney, B. 2010. Developments in the Middle East After World War I. Yahoo! Voices [Online]. Available at. http://voices.yahoo.com/developments-middle-east-after-world-war-i-6055866.html [Accessed on 21 Feb. 2013].

Woodward, D. 2010. The Middle East during World War One. BBC. [Online]. Available at. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwone/middle_east_01.shtml [Accessed on 21 Feb. 2013]

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