The Jews in Germany, Poland and other countries were systematically violently persecuted, suffered exile, mental anguish, and were massively executed by the National Socialist German Workers’ Party, also widely known as the Nazi Party (Lerner & Jacob 2013). In addition to the above listed sufferings, Jews were the subjects of the largest form of exploitation, where they were exploited as a workforce for different large-scale projects, where they literally worked to death. It is necessary to add that besides extermination of the Jewish race, there were undertaken various medical experiments on the Jews (Lerner & Jacob 2013).
The Nazis exterminated not only Jewish nation, but also all deformed people, intellectuals, Gypsies, priests and other “undesirables” (Lerner & Jacob 2013). Total estimations of losses comprise between 10 to 12 million (Lerner & Jacob 2013, n. p.). Institutionalization of the Holocaust Nowadays, there are many different ways and forms of historicizing, commemoration and remembrance of the Holocaust. Interesting to note that Germany, being a country with conflicted historical self-understanding, has become “epidemic of commemorating” (Shlant 1999, 226). While other countries might not be so “epidemic” as Germany, there are many different attributes and initiatives undertaken internationally for the Holocaust commemoration.
Some of these include: museums and memorial institutions, public observances of remembrance days and anniversaries, plethora of films and TV series, exhibitions, documentaries, etc. Museums and memorial institutions Over one hundred museums and other memorial institutions of the established forms of monuments represent one of the most popular ways of the institutionalization of the Holocaust (Shlant 1999). The Holocaust monuments are often viewed as counter-monuments which have different concepts: some of them are designed as inversions or negatives of specific monuments, some are constructed to disappear within certain period of time, some are interactive, etc.
(Shlant 1999, 224). Monuments and memorial play an important role in the Holocaust remembrance initiative as they raise debates, and debate, as we know, prevents forgetting (Shlant 1999, 224). Remembrance days and anniversaries Remembrance days or national commemorative days such as International Remembrance Day, Israel’s Memorial Day for the Holocaust and Heroism, date of liberalization of Auschwitz also are important ways of commemoration and remembrance of the Holocaust.
ReferenceCenter Plus pp. 220-227,