2). Therefore, they were not only involved in influencing inequalities in society and in their schools, but they were also able to be instrumental in making their social environments better as part of their communal responsibility. Some of these movements became positive while others generated into negative groupings that did not support the ideals that the society stood for and that they youth had to abide by. A relevant review of the literature that summarises the key areas of the debate The youth resistance as caused by their engagement in chav subculture has been the focus of many researchers as they have sought to establish a correlation between these two different aspects that exist in the society.
The implication is that youth cultures as a form resistance can be viewed from different angles depending on the area of research that a researcher may choose to focus on. The chav culture is viewed as a demonization of the British working class associated with certain dress codes. Essentially, PatrickWilliams, J is one such researcher who focuses on the significance of the string theory developed by the Chicago School and the post sub cultural studies in youth cultures (Briggs 2013, p.
190). Further, this researcher highlights the analytical concepts that have included resistance, identity, and the societal reactions on youth subcultures that include riot grrrl skateboarding and punkgot among a list of other subcultures (Bibby & Goodlad 2007, p. 60). Another research article by an author with the same name Williams Patrick from Nanyang Technical University focuses on the concepts of resistance that have resulted from subculture. This author also seeks to illustrate the situations that may influence the young to resort to resistance that include the exercising of power and intimidation intimating that this could be a possible reason as to why the youth may rebel. However, Williams takes a diversionary approach by focussing on those that are in control contrary to most researchers that only focussed on those that these subcultures had afflicted.
Another research paper by Porfilio and Carr (2010)gives another dimension to the youth resistance resulting from youth cultures by intimating that the rise of these subcultures was a way of empowering ethnic and racial communities against oppression.
This article also illustrates the other reasons that can influence the rise of subcultures that include environmental degradation, poverty, and over-policed and racialized communities.
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