Psychology Essays and Research Papers

A group for women that have just gone through a Divorce
Rationale Goals for the group The group has short-term and long-term goals. The following are the short-term goals. To reduce and mitigate psychological pain that the women may be going through To protect involved children from effects of the woman’s pain The following are the long-term objectives of the group To help the women recover from effects of divorce To help the women understand root causes of the divorce To help the women into better relationships in future to avoid reoccurrence of…
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ANALIZE MICHELE FOUCAULT'S THEORY OF PANOPTICISM WORKS IN ALL OF THE ABOVE NAMED TEXTS
The Interconnection of Panopticism and the Cult of Domesti In Michel Foucault’s discussion of Panopticism, he describes the measures of discipline taken in the late 1600’s to control an outbreak of plague. The controlling authorities set up a system of isolation for the town’s inhabitants, as well as appropriate measure’s by which the people’s welfare could be both determined and addressed, should the need arise. Foucault describes the authoritarian position that by controlling the…
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Applied research project/capital punishment
Running Head: Research Proposal Research Proposal [Institute’s Capital punishment is the verdict of death on an individual by legal procedure as a penalty for an offence. Crimes that can be the cause of a death penalty are identified as capital crimes. Quantitative research is the methodical experimental study of social occurrence by the use of statistical, numerical, or computational methods. The aim of quantitative research is to expand and utilize statistical approaches, theories, and/or…
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Bereavment and care
Another important area of development is the understanding of the interplay between responses to trauma and responses to loss. It is found that they both, in fact, influence each other and coexist resulting in severe persisting distress. In addition, traumatic circumstances have a moderating effect. To illustrate, a child who has witnessed a gruesome murder will have recurrent intrusive images which will prevent the development of positive images about the deceased. Similarly, a child who has…
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Cognition & Learning
Repeated numbers that were closer together had a much higher likelihood of being remembered. Some numbers were remembered that appeared further apart and later on in the list but these likely made it in to long-term memory (as cited in Anderson, 2004). 2. The more practice you can pack into a given time period the better. This statement is at variance, meaning false. Although it is better to increase the frequency of encoding information into the working and long- term memory by doing more…
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Critically evaluate the validity of schizophrenia as a mental health diagnosis
This means that there may be several disorders in one, and as such, it may not be possible to categorise the disorder or come up with comprehensive models for the treatment of the disorder. However, since medical practitioners have managed to identify the disorders that a schizophrenic may be suffering from, the diagnosis of this disorder has become possible. As a result, validity in the diagnosis and treatment of schizophrenia has been achieved. The validity of this condition as a mental…
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Current Treatments for Children with Autism
Gupta, A. R., & State, M. W. (2007). Recent Advances in the Genetics of Autism. Biological Psychiatry, 61, 429-437. The article describes the psychological as well as genetic implications of autism and also highlights the recent advances that took place in understanding genetics of autism. Autism does influence the psychology of the child and also the family members associated with the autism patient. The article describes methods to deal with the autism patients. Hagerman, R. J.,…
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Development of children born with drugs in their system
Prenatal exposure to substances increases risks of premature births, miscarriages and still births. Exposure during organogenesis has greater chances of leading to the aforementioned. According to Shakran et al (2004) there is greater growth in children who were not exposed to cocaine as compared to children who were exposed and also persistent use of cocaine even in little quantities led to significantly low birth weight in children exposed to cocaine. Children born of women who used cocaine…
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Diversity in workplace
For example, in the presidential election of 1960, voters listened to, and watched, Richard Nixon and John F. Kennedy spar verbally on radio and television. Radio listeners were certain that it was Nixon who would make a better president, because he made good arguments to support his positions on various matters. When the event was televised, though, it was John F. Kennedy’s attractiveness that won the voters to his points of view. A similar case of ‘lookism’ is evident in competitive…
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Does having wealthy parents pay college tuition result in more failed classes
Another extreme of the same issue is those students, who belong to underdeveloped families where there are not much resources to get their children into high class institutions, who take the responsibility in their own hands, make money by doing some professional jobs, and get themselves admitted to these prestigious institutions, and most importantly, do perform satisfactory or excellent in all the exams. Some people understand the problem in terms of the lack of vision different ‘classes’…
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Drugs in teenagers
This research paper deals with matter of the influence of drugs among the teenagers. The brief summary proves that drug addiction affect the growth and development of teenagers in general. The next section proves that drug addiction can be prevented by the help of family oriented programs, school oriented programs and community oriented programs. In addition, scientific ways to confirm drug addiction are essential to provide effective treatment to the needy. Prescription medicine abuse must be…
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Early childhood observation and assessment
Consequently, because the perception of behavior tends to be subjective, there is a possibility that various observers notice numerous things, or draw dissimilar conclusions from the studies. Most research uses observation with some component of the intervention. Reasons for intervening include precipitating an incident that occurs in an ordinary manner and infrequently because they are cumbersome to study. Besides, the matter is delicate systematically to establish the qualities of an…
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Essay about work with Brain Injury people and which kind of theories I could use in this work
In the performance of these duties and responsibilities, I am expected to secure the dignity, privacy, and self-esteem of the service user, as well as the service user’s privacy, guided by a concern to preserve the individuality and the integrity of the service user’s human rights and personal space. The Health and Safety Act of 1974 also provides additional guidance and structure to the way the work is to be conducted and the relationships with co-workers and the service users established.…
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Ethical Assignment Portfolio Piece D
The Social Learning Theory Social learning theory has its basis on the construct that individuals learn from one another by observing and mimicking the behaviors of others. They may do so through cognitive functions of encoding, retraining, and retrieving of the knowledge gained from others. Such knowledge enables individuals to perform the behaviors that have observed (ODonnell, Reeve, & Smith, 2012). Students ought to observe their teachers conduct continually and peers in order to comprehend…
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Evidence Based Practice Its relevance and contribution to Social Work
The process is not as simple as it seems as it not only depends on the evidences present but on the circumstances or situation of the patient. There is no standardized procedure that could be applied to all patients, but it needs to be flexed as per the attendant’s requirements. This complexity makes it even harder for Social Workers to analyze the data and make complete sense of it. Despite making the ultimate decision with utmost concern and research, there are still certain uncertainties…
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Experimental and Biological Base of Behavior
The GI treatment was found to be an effective adjunct therapy that is useful in managing chronic tension-type headache. The patients exhibited relaxation and were empowered with stress-reduction techniques. The materials used for this therapy also showed that it is a cost effective treatment method. The use of GI also gains advantage from lacking side effects characterized by pharmacological treatment (Mannix et al, 1999). Question 2 The influence of anxiety on student test…
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Explain the function of brown adipose tissue in mammals, particularly the contribution of the cardiovascular system to this function
This UCP or Uncoupling protein, Mr 32-33,000, is acutely regulated so that the heat generated as well as the translocation of protons in the mitochondria vary in accordance with the physiological needs for thermogenesis (Yoneshiro et al., 2012). In reaction to the chronic changes in the needs for thermogenesis, the uncoupling proteins concentration in the mitochondria alters and this is a main method for varying the capability for thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue. For instance, in cold the…
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Eyewitness Testimony
In an effort to increase the amount of justice that is seen within the United States, eyewitness testimony has been manipulated in terms of the Confrontation Clause of the Constitution on many levels. As an example, in Craig v. Maryland (110 S. Ct. 3157) a decision of 5-4 made it clear that the defendants may not necessarily have the right of confrontation when the well-being of the witness, in this case a child, outweighed the interests of the defendants rights. In his dissenting arguments,…
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Final essay
The adolescence is a sensitive stage in life and the way respond is influenced by hormones, their physical growth, culture, their upbringing and knowledge level. As a child cross to puberty their mental level and reaction to people and life will change. They are getting mature and this can create change in their interaction with parents. More often during puberty children has conflicts with parents and have less warm interaction with them. Children at this stage get more close to their friends…
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Fraudulent claim behaviour
Cognitive Effort To the average person it is normally difficult to fabricate a lie especially when there is no time for preparation. During such situations, the speech content of liars could give away the lie (Churyk et al., 2009; Reynolds & Rendle-Short, 2010; Vrij 2008). Characteristic of the deception would be a lack of specific details in the fabricated account. As such, there would be an increased use of generalising terms, shorter statements and reduced self references. Moreover, an…
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Idividual Changing Perspective
Therefore, moods rely on the personal beliefs that in many cases cannot be verified. In other words, the moods experienced by the individual do not rely on facts (Compton, 2005). For instance, the man in the scenario had good moods, but this mood cannot be verified to have come from expectation to see his new born child. Latest studies have indicated that moods and emotions have a considerable effect on almost all psychological process (such as attention, experience of self, perception and…
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Individualism and Collectivism between Eastern and Western Cultures
ndividualism and Collectivism between Eastern and western cultures This paper explores various books and with respect to individualism and collectivism cultures. It explores on the similarities, differences and relationship between these two distinct alignments in the society. The books however argue differently on individualism and collectivism in Eastern and Western cultures depending on circumstances of the society. (Berns, 2001) argues that the westerners enjoy the full rights to life with…
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Interim Report (Introduction section to Dissertation)
Hypothesis The study has identified four hypotheses that govern its mission: the intention is to accept the null hypothesis. 1. H0: There is a positive relationship between the levels of mindfulness and substance abuse. H1: There is no positive relationship between levels of mindfulness and substance abuse. 2. H0: There are some personality traits that are associated with mindfulness, specifically openness and neuroticism. H1: there are no personality traits that are associated with…
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Literature Review on Weight Loss interventions in Psychology
The rising prevalence of overweight and obesity in the Australian population like in the rest of the developed world can be attributable to the increasing levels of physical inactivity as well as the shifts in food consumption patterns (Banwell, Hinde, Dixon, & Sibthorpe, 2005). Other studies further support this claim by attributing the prevalence of the obesity epidemic in low-income and middle-income countries to new dietary habits and sedentary lifestyles, which further aggravate the risk…
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Many University students report that their lives are very stressful, and they predict that they are much more stressed than were their grandparents. Discuss how technology might account for this increase in perceived stress
Therefore, stress can be defined as the ability of a person to correctly respond or not respond to the constant changes in his life. Since the life of a college student is filled with constant changes and demands upon the abilities of the student, one can only imagine the kind of stress that each student is undergoing at any given moment in his college academic life. College life these days is less about having fun during that final stage of carefree teenage life before entering full blown…
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