During ocean vessel spills, it is difficult to compute the exact amount of oil spill (Davidson 8). When a boatload of bunker oil sinks, it is difficult to estimate the amount of oil spill. With the ship’s crew drowned or lost in the ocean current, the oil spill cleanup team can only guess the amount of the ship’s oil spill. There is a possibility that some of the ship’s bulk oil products were transferred to other ships before the oil spill incident. Likewise there is a possibility that some of the ship’s bunker oil had been delivered to the ship’s land destinations prior to the ship’s oil spill incident.
Knowing the volume or size of the ship’s crude oil storage room does automatically equate to the amount of oil spill (Fingas 4). Further, oil spills can be intentional. One research along United States coastal waters conducted during 1999 shows vessels normally drop their operation’s spent oil waste into the ocean’s waters. Oil used in washing the ship’s cargo is dropped into the ocean. Oil used for smooth offshore well operations pollute the ocean floor.
Oil from jettisoned airplanes and helicopters are dumped into the clear blue ocean. Recreational marine vessels also dumped their spent oil into the ocean (Stout 2). Furthermore, oil Spill management includes three processes. One of the processes is containing the oil spill’s spread to other areas. Another process is the cleanup of the oil spills. A third process is assessing the damage on the environment. Another important process is determining the losses from the oil spill, including the death of marine life affected by the coastline oil spill (Ramseur 5).
Environmental effects of oils spills In terms of effects, the oil spills damage the environment (Kline 186). Marine oil spills destroys the habitat of marine life. Oil spills blanket huge bodies of water with deadly petroleum. When swallowed by the fishes, the fishes die. When swallowed by sea turtles, the turtles die. When squids, octopuses, dolphins, and eels consume the oil spills, their life is snapped out. Further, the oil spills stick to the bodies of marine -based animals.
The oil spills unfavorably coat the water –based birds, such as sea gulls and kingfishers, with oil. Similarly the oil spills stick to the bodies of sea lions, otters, ducks, geese, and sea –based mammals. The oil spills destroy the living environment of floating water plants, including water lilies (Kline 186). Furthermore, the oil spills may inflict severe damage on marine based animal and plant life.
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