Criminology ucr and nibrs crime data – Research Paper Example

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing

Thus, the redesigned NIBRS report contains detailed information regarding frequency and character of crimes, such as white-collar crimes, drug and narcotics offenses, hate crimes, child and elder abuse, as well as terrorism related crimes. In addition, the survey contains data on child pornography, juvenile crimes and organized crimes, but it does not gauge homicide or other commercial crimes like burglaries involving stores. Currently, the UCR mirrors a national effort comprising over 17000 policing agencies, and this is nearly 95% of the nation total law enforcement agencies (Schmalleger, 2009). The FBI accumulates data regarding the number of offenses acknowledged to the law enforcement agencies, the figure and nature of individuals arrested, in addition to the number of approved clearances for the eight dissimilar offenses.

Notably, the UCR report offers data on various arrests and nature of individuals arrested for a given crime. Also, through its Supplementary Homicide Report, the UCR report contains data specifying the murder victim and perpetrator age, gender, and race, in addition to the nature of weapon applied during the murder (Justice Research and Statistics Association, 2013).

The UCR requires the police to state the relationship that existed between the victim and the perpetrator including the state of affairs surrounding every incident. Above all, the UCR measures the intensity and allotment of crimes and the responses instigated by that particular region law enforcement authority. Critics of the UCR program argue that a huge portion of crimes go unreported under the program, since most victims tend not to notify police agencies as they believe that the given crime is either private or based on personal issues, and some even argue that they fear reprisals (Maxfield, 1999).

This makes the UCR report to have uneven agency reporting, which is then made worse by different definition interpretation, as well as letdown to count particular category of offenses consistently. Criminologists like Schmalleger refer to this gap between the unreported crimes and reported crimes as Dark Figure of Crime, in particular crimes like drug offenses, tax evasions or in some instances insurance frauds, since they are not captured under UCR compilation (2009). The three key categories of data under the UCR report include the crimes reported to the police force, arrest statistics, as well as clearance statistics.

Under each recorded crime, there needs to the recording of the offender sex, race, along with age.


Handbook, Volume 1. New York: SAGE.

Mosher, C. J., Miethe, T. D., & Phillips, D. M. (2002). The Mismeasure of Crime. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Samaha, J. (2005). Criminal Justice. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.

Schmalleger, F. (2009). Criminology today: An integrative introduction. New Jersey: Pearson Education Inc.

Truman, J. L. (2011). Criminal Victimization (2009). DIANE Publishing.

U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. (2009). Uniform Crime Reporting Handbook. Washngton DC: Federal Bureau of Investigation.


Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Contact Us