Nature of the Problem Obesity is a major health problem. Women and children are the most vulnerable. Researchers found that longevity in the population could be in the worse situation if the prevalence of obesity cannot be controlled. (Cooke and Wardle, 2007, p. 238) There are varied health and psychological problems associated with obesity. Children who tend to over-eat but do not have enough activity will develop obesity. Obesity develops stereotyping and discrimination in children and also causes depression and other psychological problems. Stigmatization is associated with poor body image and low self-esteem.
Purpose of the Study The purpose of the study is to determine the causes of obesity in order to develop a handout on obesity-related psychological issues. This handout could provide a clear picture on the problems faced by elementary pupils. The handout can also be a basis for a program of action for the school administration and the parent and teacher organization. Significance to the Institution This study is significant to the school administration especially to the parent-teacher organization which is very much concerned for the welfare and health of children prone to obesity.
This is also important to health institutions, government and private organizations, in their quest to provide a healthy program in schools particularly the grade school level. Research Questions The research questions this study addresses are: What causes obesity in children and how can this be prevented? What are the mental-health problems and psychological issues associated with childhood obesity? Definitions of Terms Obesity Obesity is a malady that is the result of too much food intake but without much activity or exercise. Obesity can be determined by measuring the body mass index (BMI).
Body Mass Index Health practitioners and physicians determine obesity by measuring a person’s weight in relation to the body structure. Illnesses can also be determined through an individual’s BMI and taking into consideration the age, gender, eating habits, physical activity, etc. , of the patient (Bedogni, Tiribelli, & Bellentani, 2005, p. 1). To determine the BMI of a person, the social worker must divide the weight by the square of the height. Having a BMI of 25 to 29.9 is considered overweight. There are classifications of obesity according to BMI results. A BMI of 30-34.9 is mild obese and a BMI of 40 and more is already considered severe and extreme obese.
A BMI of 30 is about 30 lb.
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