The effectiveness of organizational actions, structures, and multiagency involvement (local, state, and federal level) in response to homeland security – Research Paper Example

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The effectiveness of organizational actions, structures, and multiagency involvement (local, and federal level) in response to homeland security The Issue The aftermath of the attack of the world trade centre in September 11, a series of dramatic events cropped up with response to those events exposing the United States of America (US) to highly escalating risks of terrorist attacks. The US government established the Department of the Homeland security (DHS) with an endeavor to adapt the changes in the policies taken by the US in dealing with the terrorism issue. The United States (US) and its allies became embroiled in the significant wars between Iraq and Afghanistan and rigorous steps were taken up by the government in order to find Osama Bin laden and its operation and the other terrorist organizations.

Terrorism is definitely a serious issue for the super power America as it has faced one of the most devastating terrorist attacks in century (Bullock et al, 2012 p. xv). Positioning statement The department of the Homeland security( DHS) was founded by the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (P. L.

107-296) signed on November 25, 2002 with departments from 22 different government agencies initiating official operations on March1, 2003. The DHS has since then underwent a series of restructurings and reorganizations with the aim to improve its efficiency and effectiveness. This section will deal with the actions taken by the US government in tackling the counter terrorism aspect and its subsequent development of a strong base structure with the involvement of the multilateral agencies engaged in tackling the counter terrorism issue. Literature Review Background of the problem The aspect of terrorism is a transnational threat that entails potential risks to the global interests of United States’ manifested and developed from the international and the domestic surroundings.

The core theme of the United States efforts in addressing these transnational issues is to detect, deter and defeat the terrorist faction, primarily the Al Qaeda (Painter, 2011, p. 8). Supporting evidence The Obama administration recognized the significance of the home ground jihadist threat in two of its recent strategy documents. In June 2011, the administration announced the National strategy for the counter terrorism which focused on the Al Qaeda, its affiliates and its adherents.

Obama’s top counter terrorism advisor John Brennan publicly described that homeland security is the primary area of emphasis with respect to counterterrorism efforts.

References

Bullock, J. Haddock, G. and D.P. Coppola (2012), Introduction to Homeland Security: Principles of All-Hazards Risk Management, Elsevier

Commission to assess the threat to the United States from the Electromagnetic pulse (EMP) attack, (n.d.), Retrieved on June 7, 2012 from: http://www.empcommission.org/

Counter terrorism (2009), Retrieved on June 6, 2012 from: http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/new_pubs/jp3_26.pdf

Does illegal immigration pose a terrorist threat to the U.S.? (2009), Retrieved on June 7, 2012 from: http://immigration.procon.org/view.answers.php?questionID=000786

Exposed by Katrina, (2005) FEMAs flaws were years in making, USA Today, Retrieved on June 7, 2012 from: http://www.usatoday.com/news/opinion/editorials/2005-09-07-our-view_x.htm

Foster et al, Report of the Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack, Critical National Infrastructures, (2008), Retrieved on June 7, 2012 from: http://www.empcommission.org/docs/A2473-EMP_Commission-7MB.pdf

Ginsburg, S. (2006), COUNTERING TERRORI ST MOBILITY: Shaping an Operational Strategy, Retrieved on June 7, 2012 from: http://www.migrationpolicy.org/pubs/MPI_TaskForce_Ginsburg.pdf

Kessler, R. (2010), EMP Attack Would Decimate America, Retrieved on June 7, 2012 from: http://www.newsmax.com/RonaldKessler/emp-electromagneticpulse-William-Graham/2010/04/05/id/354742

Painter, W. (2011), Issues in Homeland Security Policy for the 112th Congress, Retrieved on June 6, 2012 from: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/R42025.pdf

State and local actions for Homeland Security, (n.d.), Office of Homeland Security, Retrieved on June 7, 2012 from: http://www.ncs.gov/library/policy_docs/State_and_Local_Actions_for_Homeland_Security.pdf

Stewart, S. and Hughes, N. (2010) Gauging the Threat of an Electro-Magnetic Pulse Attack in the US, Retrieved on June 7, 2012 from: http://articles.businessinsider.com/2010-09-09/news/30031326_1_emp-nuclear-explosions-nuclear-weapon

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