Voegelin’ s book, Die Politische Religionen, was published right before the war, in 1938 in Vienna and provoked indignation of the Gestapo. Voegelin presented evil as a powerful, effective diabolic force in the world. Moral principles can’ t properly explain and discuss this phenomenon; therefore Voegelin suggested appealing to basic religious questions (Cooper, p. 15). Political thinker supposed that Nazis and the Bolsheviks have common religious attitudes. He identified Nazis as a diabolic force, which made Gestapo confiscate his book. Nazis made his life unbearable, his talent couldn’ t manifest itself and in May Voegelin became bankrupt.
He intended to get out of exile and to find new perspectives and open new horizons in the USA. Finally, Voegelin had become a fellow of a grant of $2, 000.00 for one year to study in the International Aspects of Political Religions in the USA (Cooper, p. 23). Though Voegelin realized difficulty and danger of immigration, he started up for a new life in America. At first, Gestapo didn’ t let him out of Austria. Nevertheless thanks to his talent and scientific achievements, he provided himself with secure entry to the USA.
Voegelin took an offer from American universities and taught American and comparative government, constitutional law, and public administration (Cooper, p. 38). The Scholar expressed innovative and brave ideas on the necessity of democratic resistance to totalitarian movements. He tended to claim that totalitarianism is nothing else but a “ political religion. ” Voegelin made an emphasis on the fact that contemporary political movements should be of primary concern as stages phases in the process of the Christian unity destruction of the Western world. Furthermore, he underlined that the National Socialists and the Communists with their blocking majority forbade any democratic actions.
‘ Voegelin's [work] stands out in bold relief from much of what has passed under the name of political science in recent decades’ (Dante Germino, foreword).
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