Online learning - Psychological Considerations and Sociological Effects – Research Paper Example

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The objective of education is slowly changing from the times when it was supposed not only to arm the student with knowledge and understanding of life as a whole to another era where the main objective of education is just to arm the students with theories and laws with little more to see from the whole process. The initiation of online learning has served to increase the gap between the instructor and the student and hence killing the physical classroom that was there initially and replacing it with a virtual world where the two parties interact and exchange learning tips without coming into contact.

Advantages and Disadvantages of the Physical Classroom The earlier set up that involved the physical meeting of the instructor and the student had and the instructor ensured that the two interacted more and so the concerns of the students could be addressed on a personalized manner. The instructor also had the chance to facilitate better learning as s/he could be able to monitor the learning of the student and add to their values through the implementation of disciplinary measures.

The set up also enhanced concentration in class as the movements of the students could be monitored by the instructor. The disadvantages invo0lved is that the class number could be limited not like in online learning set up where one instructor can arrange video conferencing classes where they can handle a massive number of students. The distance problem can also not be catered using the physical classroom. In online learning this is catered for and as long as one can access the internet, they will be in a position to benefit from such a set up. Sociological Effects of Online Learning The sociological effects of online learning as highlighted by a research by a number of studies include the following; - First Online learning has achieved the aim of reaching a larger audience as opposed to the traditional learning set up where the classroom was limited to some factors like distance.

Online learning relies on technology to make it a success. The number of students can be determined by a number of factors which include the access to the devices like computers which are used to make online learning a success.

The other important factor is access to the internet so that one can interact with the instructor and other members of the virtual classroom (Educause Center for Applied Research). The costs vary and in some set ups it is fair considering the earlier costs of attending the classes and the costs that were involved.

References

Biocca, F., Eye, A. & Jackson, A. L. (2003). Children and Internet Use: Social, Psychological and Academic Cosequences for Low Income Children. American Psychology Association. http://www.apa.org/science/about/psa/2003/12/jackson.aspx

Educause Center for Applied Research. (n.d). Impacts and Challenges of E-learning. Supporting E-learning in Higher Education.

http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ers0303/rs/ers03036.pdf

Graetz, K. A. (2006). The Psychology of Learning Environments.

https://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/erm0663.pdf

Jiong, Y. & Coll, M. (2010). E-learning in Universities: A Social Psychology Perspective.

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Kenny, D. A. & Baron, M. R. (1986). The moderator-mediator Variable Distinction in Social Psychological Research: Conceptual, Strategic, and Statistical Considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 51(6). 1173-1182.

Lynch, K. (1999). The Social Impact of On-Line Learning. Monash University, Clayton.

http://www.ascilite.org.au/conferences/brisbane99/papers/lynch.pdf

Sloan, C. (2004). Elements of Online Education: Into the Mainstream. Edited by. Bourne, R. B. & Moore, J. C. 80-96.

U.S. Department of Education. (2012). Understanding the Implications of Online Learning for Educational Productivity. Office of Educational Technology.

Yan, Z., Hao, H., Hobbs, J. L. & Wen, N. (2003). The Psychology of E-learning: A Field Study. J. Educational Computing Research. 29(3) 285-296.

Yazdi, M. S. & Zandkarimi, G. (2013). The Impact of E-learning on some Psychological Dimensions and Academic Achievement. International Journal of Education and Learning, 2(2) 49-56.

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