Over prescription of antidepressants/anti anxiety medication – Research Paper Example

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Mojtabai & Olfson observe unqualified psychiatrists write four in every five prescriptions. Mental health patients receive their medication from specialists and do not trouble over non-psychiatrist based prescriptions. The continual use of antidepressant medication raises questions concerning the appropriateness of their use. The antidepressants exhibit their use in limited psychiatric conditions such as chronic depression, anxiety disorders, few well-defined conditions, and major depressive disorder. A study by a private insured plan cites that close to 65 percent that use antidepressants did not receive diagnosis for the specific psychiatric disorder.

Data Source Data in the study comes from National Ambulatory Medical Care Surveys. Mojtabai & Olfson determine whether prescription of antidepressant medication bases on provider’s use of drug names. National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey provides six medications for every visit. The authors analyze four categories of medical disorders that include asthma, hypertension, heart disease, and diabetes. Some of the patient source of payment includes Medicare, workers compensation, private insurance, no insurance, Medicaid, self-pay, and no charge. Mojtabai & Olfson focuses on the symptoms of psychological and mental disorders such as loss of sex drive, smoking problems, sleeping disturbances, psychosexual symptoms, impotence, nervousness, and anxiety.

Some of the less psychological problems include abnormal sensations, feeling unwell, tiredness, and nonspecific pain. Other variables in use include the age of patient, gender, ethnicity, and race. Zito et al. (2002) informs that United States and New Zealand are the only countries that permit DTC ads. An average American has the exposure of 30 hours of seeing the ads in comparison with 15 minutes for consultancy. The role of the advertisement plays as a source of health information to warrant scholarly attention.

During the college years, students experience intense pressure in the new tasks and responsibilities that correlate with mental distress. As a response to the mental issues, universities and colleges offer educational programs that can steer students toward appropriate treatments. The increased demand for mental health services leaves the counseling leaves the counseling centers with limitation in staff resulting to less therapy. The managed-care systems prefer to dispense antidepressant drugs by the primary physicians that have little psychiatric training in comparison to the expensive psychiatrist visits.

References

Barker, M. J., Greenwood, K. M., Jackson, M., & Crowe, S. F. (2004). Cognitive effects of long- term benzodiazepine use. CNS drugs, 18(1), 37-48.

Gabbard, G. O., & Kay, J. (2001). The fate of integrated treatment: whatever happened to the biopsychosocial psychiatrist? American Journal of Psychiatry, 158(12), 1956-1963.

Gibbons, R., Hur, K., Bhaumik, D., & Mann, J. (2006). The relationship between antidepressant prescription rates and rate of early adolescent suicide. American Journal of Psychiatry, 163(11), 1898-1904.

Jureidini, J., & Tonkin, A. (2006). Overuse of antidepressant drugs for the treatment of depression. CNS drugs, 20(8), 623-632.

Mojtabai, R., & Olfson, M. (2011). Proportion of antidepressants prescribed without a psychiatric diagnosis is growing. Health Affairs, 30(8), 1434-1442.

Zito, J. M., Safer, D. J., Gardner, J. F., Soeken, K., Boles, M., & Lynch, F. (2002). Rising prevalence of antidepressants among US youths. Pediatrics, 109(5), 721-727.

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