Research Analysis and Critique – Research Paper Example

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RESEARCH ANALYSIS AND CRITIQUE I. Introduction The topic to be explored is effective provision of counseling services to thehomeless adolescents. The significance of the study topic lies as a result of the seriousness of the homelessness problem. Estimates from the National Runaway Switchboard shows that there are almost 1.3 million homeless youths who live unsupervised in abandoned buildings, on streets, with strangers or with friends (“Understanding the Health Care Needs of Homeless Youth, ” 2012). In this case, homeless youths face high risks of sexual exploitation, physical abuse, substance abuse, mental health disabilities, and even death.

Studies have revealed that over five thousand unaccompanied youths die every year as a result of illness, assault or suicide (Thompson et al. , 2013). Statistics obtained from the National Runaway Switchboard indicates that the existing recession has contributed to an increase in runaway and homeless youths (“Understanding the Health Care Needs of Homeless Youth, ” 2012). Between the years 2005 and 2008, there was a two hundred percent increase in calls coming from the youths citing economic reasons for running away from their homes. A survey conducted in 2008 in school districts revealed that there was an upsurge of homeless students.

It is worth noting that the exact number of homeless students is difficult to determine since there is no standard methodology to monitor mobility of the homeless people. Additionally, studies have revealed that youths between ages twelve and seven are at a high risk of becoming homeless compared to adults (“Understanding the Health Care Needs of Homeless Youth, ” 2012). Homeless youths who do not receive counseling services often perform dismally in school. Additionally, it is reported that they have high grade retention and school mobility.

All these make it difficult for the adolescents to concentrate on the school work and perform exemplary in their respective academic disciplines (Slesnick, Kang, Bonomi, & Prestopnik, 2008). It is a fact that stability is an essential facet for a healthy emotional and physical development and for children. Therefore, moves irrespective of the reasons that disrupt the day-to-day routines of adolescents require lots of adjustments to make them cope (Slesnick, Prestopnik, Meyers, & Glassman, 2007). Several studies carried on students who move from one place to another have revealed stressful transitions on the part of students even in instances where the move was planned.

References

Melander, L. A., & Tyler, K. A. (2013). Child Abuse, Street Victimization, and Substance Use Among Homeless Young Adults. Youth Society. Retrieved from http://yas.sagepub.com/content/early/2013/01/06/0044118X12471354.abstract

Slesnick, N., Kang, M. J., Bonomi, A. E., & Prestopnik, J. L. (2008). Six- and Twelve-Month Outcomes among Homeless Youth Accessing Therapy and Case Management Services through an Urban Drop-in Center. Health Serv Res, 43(1), 211–229. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2323142/

Slesnick, N., Prestopnik, J. L., Meyers, R. J., & Glassman, M. (2007). Treatment outcome for street-living, homeless youth. Addictive Behaviors, 32, 1237–1251.

Thompson, S. J., Ryan, T. N., Montgomery, K. L., Lippman, A. D. P., Bender, K., & Ferguson, K. (2013). Perceptions of Resiliency and Coping: Homeless Young Adults Speak Out. Youth Society.

Tyler, K. A., Gervais, S. J., & Davidson, M. M. (2012). The Relationship Between Victimization and Substance Use Among Homeless and Runaway Female Adolescents. J Interpers Violence.

Understanding the Health Care Needs of Homeless Youth. (2012).Health Resources and Services Administration Primary Care: The Health Center Program. Retrieved March 12, 2013, from http://bphc.hrsa.gov/policiesregulations/policies/pal200110.html

Rafferty, R., Shinn, M., & Weitzman, B.C. (2004). Academic achievement among formerly

homeless adolescents and their continuously housed peers. Journal of School Psychology, 42(3), 179-199.

Melander, L. A., & Tyler, K. A. (2013). Child Abuse, Street Victimization, and Substance Use Among Homeless Young Adults. Youth Society. Retrieved from http://yas.sagepub.com/content/early/2013/01/06/0044118X12471354.abstract

Slesnick, N., Kang, M. J., Bonomi, A. E., & Prestopnik, J. L. (2008). Six- and Twelve-Month Outcomes among Homeless Youth Accessing Therapy and Case Management Services through an Urban Drop-in Center. Health Serv Res, 43(1), 211–229. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2323142/

Slesnick, N., Prestopnik, J. L., Meyers, R. J., & Glassman, M. (2007). Treatment outcome for street-living, homeless youth. Addictive Behaviors, 32, 1237–1251.

Thompson, S. J., Ryan, T. N., Montgomery, K. L., Lippman, A. D. P., Bender, K., & Ferguson, K. (2013). Perceptions of Resiliency and Coping: Homeless Young Adults Speak Out. Youth Society.

Tyler, K. A., Gervais, S. J., & Davidson, M. M. (2012). The Relationship Between Victimization and Substance Use Among Homeless and Runaway Female Adolescents. J Interpers Violence.

Understanding the Health Care Needs of Homeless Youth. (2012).Health Resources and Services Administration Primary Care: The Health Center Program. Retrieved March 12, 2013, from http://bphc.hrsa.gov/policiesregulations/policies/pal200110.html

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