This was through experiments in writing using unconventional methods and skills that were known to the world at the time of its invention, this period was during and after the First World War. He was a French writer who founded the entire concept of surrealism following the coining of the word surreal by prior artists of his time. The writing of the manifesto of surrealism in 1924 followed his experimental works, which carried the definition of the term surreal and the concept behind it. In this regard, Breton defined surrealism as a technique of pure psychic automatism with the intention of expressing the real process of thought (Britannica Academic Edition).
The entire definition and concept of creating the term came from the idea from of not wishing to think and base art on pure thought and reason. In this regard, Breton’s manifesto of surrealism aims at ridding the artistic world of the clear distinction between dream and reality as well as reason and madness by removing inhibitions to expression in the artistic world (“Andre Breton”). In addition, in the manifesto, he included the appropriate guidelines, for which surrealism stood.
By authoring such a work, he became the founder of surrealism by even including the political affiliations of surrealists. This was by inclusion of communism views in the surrealist manifesto of 1924 and calling to other artists in the early 1930s to include their views on the surrealist culture of artistry. It was by this guide that some artists such as Salvador Dali lost their status as surrealists due to alternative political affiliations other than pronounced communist views (SimplyCharly). Breton called for the application of surrealism in appropriate terms to avoid misuse by applying imagination.
This was in terms of reducing the slave level of imagination that denies happiness in artistic expression due to fear of making mistakes (Breton 3). To Breton, the application of surrealism was meant to be a clear means of communication for ease of expression and improve the stability of the mind. Breton’s world of surrealism aimed at eliminating the application of rational thought in art. This is because in the age of rational thought, there had been wars, meaning that rational thought in the art would lead to chaos (Breton 2).
One of the ways, that Breton expresses surrealism in his works is in the covers of his book where the image is used explicitly to express the contents of the book. This is as seen in the cover of young cherry trees secure against hare’s surrealism in which the cover is shown with the statue of liberty, and the face of woman liberty replaced with that of Breton (Jackaman 145).
Jackaman, Rob. The Course of English Surrealist Poetry Since The 1930s. Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 1989. Print.
Dave. Surreal Illuumination of Moments. 2009. Web. 4 Sep. 2012. <http://madamepickwickartblog.com/2009/08/dangers-of-the-undangerous/>
“Threepennyopera”. n.d. Web. 5 Sep. 2012. <http://www.threepennyopera.org/storySynopsis.php>
Simplycharly. Analysis of The Persistence of Memory by Salvador Dali. 2007. Web. 5 Sep. 2012. <http://simplycharly.wetpaint.com/page/Analysis+of+The+Persistence+of+Memory+by+Salvador+Dali>
Brahman, Diana. Surrealist Art in NOMA’s Collection. 2004. Web. 5 Sep. 2012. http://www.noma.org/educationguides/Surreal.pdf
Singh, S.K. Surreal Movement. Greener Journal of Art and Humanities, Vol. 1 (1), 2011: pp. 021-022. Print.
Breton, Andre. Manifesto of Surrealism. 1924. Web. 5 Sep 2012. http://www.mccoyspace.com/nyu/12_s/anarchy/texts/02-Andre_Breton-Manifesto_Of_Surrealism.pdf
Dali, Salvador 1993. American Archives. American Art, Vol. 7, No. 4 (1993): p. 110. Print
"André Breton." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 5 Sep. 2012. < http://0-www.britannica.com.alice.dvc.edu/EBchecked/topic/78959/Andre-Breton>
"Kurt Weill." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. 2012. Web. 5 Sep. 2012 < http://0 www.britannica.com.alice.dvc.edu/EBchecked/topic/639002/Kurt-Weill>
"Salvador Dalí." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. 2012. Web. 05 Sep. 2012. < http://0-www.britannica.com.alice.dvc.edu/EBchecked/topic/150173/Salvador-Dali>