However, his suspension of the writ during the confederacy period earned him a lot mob criticism. This is because not only did he suspend the writ once, but also sought to seek the extension of the suspension through congress. Unlike in the north where the suspension arose from civil unrest, the suspension of the writ in the south was mainly to spur economic development that had been rampaged by the economic crisis of the south. Partly to blame for the extension of the suspension was the reasoning, by Jefferson Davis, that winning the confederacy war and uniting the northern and southern states was his priority.
The extension of the martial law was just but the means to win the war over the south and return the south to economic prosperity. This therefore meant that when the attention of the world was upon the Confederacy, President Davis’ focus was solely upon how to win the war, no matter what it took and any step towards achieving this objective was acceptable. Jefferson Davis and the Confederacy The American civil war emerged as a fight to preserve the union that was the United States of America.
The existence of divergent views on the role of the federal government had always presented a source of conflict since the passing of the American constitution. These views were presented by the federalists, who held the view that the federal government should have the power to control the affairs of the union, while the anti-federalists believed that the states should have their own autonomy to govern their conduct. This was the belief that the states should have the power to determine their own laws within their borders and only result to the federal government as the last resort.
The main reason for the confederacy was the conflicting economic interests of the northern and the southern states. 7 Whereas the north was mainly an industrial and manufacturing center, the south was mainly an agricultural center tan relied heavily on slave labor for production. This was thus the beginning of the confederacy war. Slavery, which formed the bulk of the labor force in the south, was banned on the northern states.
This ban faced stiff opposition from the southern states that were opposed to the abolition of the slave trade leading to an escalation of tensions between the north and the southern states. Formal secession, as result of these tensions, first took place in 1860 upon the election of Abraham Lincoln as president. The state of Carolina was the first one to secede from the union and was later followed by other southern states.