Applied research project/capital punishment – Research Proposal Example

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Running Head: Research Proposal Research Proposal [Institute’s Capital punishment is the verdict of death on an individual by legal procedure as a penalty for an offence. Crimes that can be the cause of a death penalty are identified as capital crimes. Quantitative research is the methodical experimental study of social occurrence by the use of statistical, numerical, or computational methods. The aim of quantitative research is to expand and utilize statistical approaches, theories, and/or theory relating to the occurrence. The research questions will be answered by applying learning theory of Skinner on capital punishment.

This theory is based on the thought that learning is a function of alteration in explicit activities. This study will use a cross tabulation method. The ‘dependent variable’ is the way individuals perceive capital punishment and the nature of their opinions about it. The ‘independent variable’ will be age bracket (24 to 38 years) and gender (male). TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACT 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS 3 RESEARCH DESIGN 4 Stage 1 4 Stage 2 6 Stage 3 7 Stage 4 9 CONCLUDING NARRATIVES 9 REFERENCES 11 RESEARCH DESIGN Stage 1 From the start of the capital punishment, quantitative methods have offered the main research methods for studying the distribution as well as causes.

Quantitative methods offer various methods to acquire data that are functional to several features of society. The application of quantitative methods, for instance, as ‘survey research’, ‘field research’ and ‘evaluation research’ facilitate researchers to collect consistent and legitimate data, useful in the field of capital punishment. The data can, and is frequently, utilized by criminologists as well as other social scientists in making contributory statements regarding variables being studied. “Quantitative methods of research are the methods such as surveys and experiments that trace deviation within social life with respect to groupings that differ in amount.

Data treated as quantitative are either numbers or features that can be structured in terms of magnitude” (Creswell, p. 92, 2008). Capital punishment is the verdict of death on an individual by legal procedure as a penalty for an offence. Crimes that can be the cause of a death penalty are identified as capital crimes. Quantitative research is the methodical experimental study of social occurrence by the use of statistical, numerical, or computational methods. The aim of quantitative research is to expand and utilize statistical approaches, theories, and/or theory relating to the occurrence.

REFERENCES

Achen, C. H. (1987). The Statistical Analysis of Quasi-Experiments. University of California Press.

Creswell, J. W. (2008). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. Sage Publications.

Mandery, E. J. (2004). Capital Punishment: A Balanced Examination. Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Paltridge, B., Phakiti, A. (2010). Continuum Companion to Research Methods in Applied Linguistics. Continuum International Publishing Group.

Muijs, D. (2010). Doing Quantitative Research in Education. Sage Publications Ltd.

Shadish, W. R. Cook, T. D., and Campbell, T. D. (2001). Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs for Generalized Causal Inference. Wadsworth Publishing.

Skinner, B. F. (1976). About Behaviorism. Vintage.

Spector, P. E. (1991). Summated Rating Scale Construction: An Introduction. Sage Publications.

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