Social Research Methods – Research Proposal Example

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If the expatriates are not given the assurance that what they say about their current employers will not be disclosed, how can they possibly participate with correct answers. 1.3 questionnaire and interview questions The questions in both the questionnaire and the interviews should be on ethical grounds and should not ask offending or personal questions. This would not be liked by the subject and he may not be willing to participate in the remaining research. Each question has to be designed keeping the ethical issues in perspective. Moreover Dean (1996) explains that the design of the questionnaire should be such that it is easy to understand that it should not be biased or deviating the subject to respond to a particular response.

This is very important, as it will directly affect the results. The questionnaire should also be simple and easy to follow and understand so that the subjects can answer the questions easily. If it is complicated then the subjects may be confused and he may not give appropriate answers. Boruch & Cecil (1979) add that the questionnaire and the interview should not be lengthy and should take the amount of time to fill out and in the case of the interview, it should take almost the amount of time that the researcher has asked from the respondent.

Taking extra time is not ethical and will not do justice to the subjects who may be taking time out from their bus schedule to fill the questionnaire or to participate in the interview. Bryman (2001) adds that to overcome this issue, time management on the part of the researcher is important. The researcher should know before hand exactly how much time the questionnaire will take.

This will save the time of both the interviewer and the expatriate and keep the research on schedule. 1.4 conducting the interview As per Boruch & Cecil (1979) the interview conducted should be conducted in an unbiased manner. The relationship between the subject and the interviewer should be formal and not turn into a casual meeting which will trudge ethical grounds as the subject may reveal personal information or information that ethically the interviewer should not know or inquire about.

According to Dean (1996) to overcome this issue when interviewing the employees, the interviewer should have a strict set of questions and should have a fixed time frame for the interview so that he doesn’t deviate from the topic and doesn’t indulge in personal talk. 2.1 Research techniques used in the research For the research topic, two methods of research are selected first there is the questionnaire method and the second is the interview method.


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