These factors work together in an intricate way. Methodology The sources used for this paper are secondary references. Purely library research was carried out. However, the researcher made sure that the references used are updated, relevant, and appropriate to the topic. The body of the paper is divided into seven parts: (1) history of health care; (2) effect of technology on organizational structure, patient care, service delivery; (3) recent technologies; (4) disruptive technology; (5) advantages and disadvantages of technologies; (6) use of information technologies in healthcare; and (7) concrete use of technologies in diagnostic and treatment.
History of Health Care The values and beliefs held by most Americans, though, have been mainly responsible for protecting the healthcare institution from a large-scale reform. For instance, majority of experts concur that the American society’s unyielding trust in capitalism, which encourages autonomy or individualism and opposes reliance on public welfare, is one of the reasons previous recommendations to nationalize health care had been unsuccessful (Siminerio, 2010). In contrast, economic, political, and social factors have resulted in particular concessions, as shown in the design of Medicaid and Medicare and other public services to increase the number of those with health insurance (Spekowius & Wendler, 2006).
In addition, American capitalism has encouraged innovation and entrepreneurship to facilitate scientific and technological developments. Thus, healthcare system in the U. S. is very focused or specialized, while routine and basic care received minor attention. Interest in and focus on the most advanced treatments and the regularity of their application has resulted in continuously growing healthcare costs that some believe is hard to sustain (Kabene, 2010). During the early 19th century, trust in medicine was very low.
Doctors were evaluated on their several achievements. Majority of diseases and disorders either disappeared eventually or became deadly. Nevertheless, it was also in this period that several of the most important developments in healthcare and technology originally started to modify the basic medical services and practices in the United States. The invention of the microscope and the stethoscope, the methods of antiseptic, anesthesia, and immunization all emerged in this period (Bulgiba, 2004). Over time, new medical advances and methods have transformed the healthcare system. From treating chronic diseases and delivering infants to handling cardiac arrests, physicians have created technology and enhanced methods.
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