Individualism and Collectivism between Eastern and Western Cultures – Term Paper Example

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ndividualism and Collectivism between Eastern and western cultures This paper explores various books and with respect to individualism and collectivism cultures. It explores on the similarities, differences and relationship between these two distinct alignments in the society. The books however argue differently on individualism and collectivism in Eastern and Western cultures depending on circumstances of the society. (Berns, 2001) argues that the westerners enjoy the full rights to life with all the good thing that come with it whereas the Easterners right to life comes with a responsibility and is achieved by effectively accomplishing their responsibilities.

Other Authors argue that Eastern culture is more organized with respect to the society, lifestyle as compared to the Western culture where everyone for himself and God for as all. Nonetheless all this books show the relationship between Eastern and Western Culture and their views toward life as it is the primary goal of human being to coexist irrespective of the ideological background. Individualism and Collectivism between Eastern and Western Cultures In the world to-day, people have aligned themselves into two divergent ways of life that are distinct among the many societies.

One type of alignment is depicted by concepts of individualism, which also means independence and autonomous. The other type of alignment is collectivism which by its antonym also means interdependence or communal that is it involves the entire society (Bakan 1966). Thus individualism is usually reflected with independent versus interdependent. In spite of these concepts being used to define the cultural and gender differences, a dimension of cultural evolution suggests it is unlikely. Specialization within the society may introduce the aspect of difference in gender.

But this cannot be used to explain the difference in culture. A study of individualism in countries such as United States, Australia and Japan depicts the differences between the cultures and are captured in the way people see themselves as independent agents, while gender differences is shown by the extent to which people are emotionally attached to each other. The Eastern and western cultures reflects on the philosophical, social, cultural and political orientation. (Siegrist, 2006) states that a comparison of western and Eastern cultures shows a striking difference in the value of orientation.

The western culture places its main point of value on choice, uniqueness of a person, self assertion and Ego of an individual.

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