California as a state has in the recent decades, intensified efforts to curb the crisis, which has been in the rise with more legislations being crafted and passed towards addressing the issue. However, according to reports on investigative analysis on the outcome of such efforts by the state to contain the situation, it is clear that the legal framework is very poor to contain the crisis as reports show an increase/deteriorating phenomena as against improvements. In a national focus, human trafficking and exploitation of women as well as children for sexual activities within US is rampant with concerted efforts being made by individual states to addressing the ever-increasing challenge posed by CSEC.
A study conducted by Brown in 2011 indicate that groups that perpetuate the CSEC practices are very well organized as criminal syndicates and this challenges the efforts mobilized to stop the crime. The US recognizes sexual exploitation as both moral and legal crime and as such, efforts are increasingly made towards stopping the vice at both national levels as well as at state governments’ level. There lacks general/uniform approach to controlling sex trafficking across the globe and this explains the various ideological paradigms that governmental as well as nongovernmental organizations adopt towards addressing the issue at a global level.
Individual group activists also take a leading role in championing towards total eradication of the crisis within the US despite the many challenges that they face in the modern day. From the report, Brown evaluates various models that are used in explaining the issue of human trafficking especially for sexual exploitation. The ‘natural resource model’ explains how some cultural affiliations and groups would perceive children and or women as natural resources hence would easily trade them for gains.
‘Trade and development model’ focuses a well organized trade chain through which great profits are reaped after delivery to the clients. Other models are violent entrepreneurship as well as the traditional model of slave trade as are al used in advancing human trafficking for sexual exploitation. However, a rational model in such trafficking applies within nations where the government legalizes and takes active role in regulating prostitution (Brown, 2011). The CASE (California against sexual exploitation) act presents an example to the laws formulated toward eradication of sexual abuse and human trafficking within the state.
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