Form, Style and Genre are the main points of discussion about the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus. Form will focus more on the conventions of the architectural edifice like the shape, colour and the like. The style will focus more on the artistic historical time frame it is confined and tries to achieve a clear conclusion about the intricacies that surrounds the Temple’s architectural design and concept. Genre will be focusing more on the external factors that surround the architectural work like the social, psychological, political and religious contexts of both the artist who designed the building and society which relates to it.
These three levels will be carefully scrutinized. II. BACKGROUND INVESTIGATION There are certain issues that surround the very nature and condition of the Temple of Artemis as an architectural structure that pertains to religious practices and iconographic activities. At the same time, the status of the temple as an Ancient Wonder of the World provides another level of analysis between the relation of the form, style and genre with its status. In assessing the form of the Temple of Artemis, there is a need to focus first on the overall appearance of the temple.
The image on the left (Fig. 1) provides a digitally rendered image of the Temple since it is already non-existent as of the modern times. However, this image provides a brief idea of the overall appearance of the Temple that can be considered similar to its original form despite of digital rendition. The said architectural style is actually patterned after the Greek Style called Ionic Architecture (Evans 16). The Ionic Architecture of the Greeks focuses on constructing high levels of pillars with intricate designs at the topmost part of the pillar (Evans 16).
The Greeks implemented this manner in constructing several pillars to support a huge roof to showcase proportionality and perfection of form. Also, by carefully observing the overall design, it is highly quadrilateral in nature with some inclusions of circular designs patterned at the top of the pillars that supported the whole roof of the architecture. Next component of form to assess is the pillars since they provide the most intricate concept of design making by the Greeks when it comes to construction of buildings. The image on the left (Fig 2.) provides an overview of the intricate designs present in the pillars of the temple.
This intricate form of the designs of the pillar is not only isolated in the case of Temple of Artemis but also to other architectural designs like the Parthenon of Athena, Temple of Hera and Temple of Apollo (Evans 14).
Evans, James Allan. Arts and Humanities: Through the Ages. Vol. 2. Thomson Gale. 2005.
Barletta, Barbara. Greek Architecture. American Journal of Archaelogy. 2011. 611 – 640.
Temple of Artemis. Temple of Artemis. 21 Nov. 2011. penelope.uchicago.edu.
Goddess Artemis. Temple of Artemis. 21 Nov. 2011. penelope.uchicago.edu.
Statue of Artemis. Statue of Artemis. 21 Nov. 2011. clevelys.co.uk.
Temple of Artemis. Great Buildings. 21 Nov. 2011. greatbuildings.com.
Colonnade of Artemis. Great Buildings. 21 Nov. 2011. greatbuildings.com.
Colonnade of Artemis 2. Great Buildings. 21 Nov. 2011. greatbuildings.com.
Seven Wonders of The Ancient World. 21 Nov. 2011. yousigma.com.
Temple of Artemis. Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. 21 Nov. 2011. unmuseum.org.
Temple of Artemis at Ephesus. Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. 21 Nov. 2011.